A fluid-filled sac developing on one of the ovaries is called a cyst. Many women develop at least one cyst during their lifetime. In most cases, cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.
Types of cysts:
Follicle cyst: formed in ovary during a menstrual cycle if follicle doesn’t rupture to release the ovum
Corpus luteum cysts: Non dissolution of sac after release of ovum
Dermoid cysts: sac-like growths on the ovaries that contain hair, fat, and other tissue
Cystadenomas: non-cancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries
Polycystic ovary syndrome:This condition means the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts.
Ovarian Cancer: can present as cyst on ovary. More likely in postmenopausal women. Cysts larger than 5cm or complex cysts are suspicious of cancer.
abdominal bloating or swelling
painful bowel movements
pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
nausea and vomiting
severe or sharp pelvic pain in case of torsion of a cyst or rupture of cyst
Hormone levels: to check for hormone-related issues
CA-125 blood test: to screen for ovarian cancer
Ultrasound of pelvis: to look at details of cyst size, no, etc
CT scan: in case of complex cysts
Conservative approach to see if cyst resolves spontaneously without recurrence
Birth control pills: to stop ovulation and prevent the development of recurrent cysts.
Laparoscopy: In case of small cysts detected on routine testing, they can be removed by small incisions using laparoscopy.
Laparotomy: In case of large cysts or if cancer is suspected.