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Ovarian Cysts

A fluid-filled sac developing on one of the ovaries is called a cyst. Many women develop at least one cyst during their lifetime. In most cases, cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.

Types of cysts:

  1. Follicle cyst: formed in ovary during a menstrual cycle if follicle doesn’t rupture to release the ovum

  2. Corpus luteum cysts: Non dissolution of sac after release of ovum

  3. Dermoid cysts: sac-like growths on the ovaries that contain hair, fat, and other tissue

  4. Cystadenomas: non-cancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries

  5. Polycystic ovary syndrome:This condition means the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts.

  6. Ovarian Cancer: can present as cyst on ovary. More likely in postmenopausal women. Cysts larger than 5cm or complex cysts are suspicious of cancer.


abdominal bloating or swelling

painful bowel movements

pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle

nausea and vomiting

severe or sharp pelvic pain in case of torsion of a cyst or rupture of cyst


Hormone levels: to check for hormone-related issues

CA-125 blood test: to screen for ovarian cancer

Ultrasound of pelvis: to look at details of cyst size, no, etc

CT scan: in case of complex cysts


Conservative approach to see if cyst resolves spontaneously without recurrence

Birth control pills: to stop ovulation and prevent the development of recurrent cysts.

Laparoscopy: In case of small cysts detected on routine testing, they can be removed by small incisions using laparoscopy.

Laparotomy: In case of large cysts or if cancer is suspected.

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